Friday, April 26, 2019

Important (Mountain) Passes/Gaps in India



A mountain Pass is a path through the mountain range that can be used to travel.

  • The place known as the 'Land of Passes' : Ladakh
  • The Pass which is known as 'Gateway of India' : Bolan Pass
  • The Pass which is known as 'Gateway to India' : Khyber Pass
  • The pass which is known as 'Gateway of Kerala' : Palakkad Pass 




    1. Nathu La Pass :   
    • The Pass known as Silk Route of India
    • Located in the state of Sikkim
    • Nathu La Pass connects India (Sikkim) and China (Tibet)
    • Nathu La Pass was closed in 1962 (Sino-Indian War)
    • Nathu La Pass was re-opened in 6th July 2006
    • Length of Nathu La Pass : 54 Km

      2. Asirgarh  Pass :
      • Known as key to Deccan
      • Located in Madhya Pradesh
      • Connects the valleys of Narmada and Tapti rivers

      3. Khardung La Pass :
      • The highest motorable pass in India
      • Located in Ladakh (Jammu and Kashmir)
      • Connects Leh and Siachen Glacier
      • Khardung La Pass is the gateway of Shyok and Nubra Valley
      • Khardung La Pass is maintained by Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
      • BRO was founded in 1960
      • Head Quarters of BRO in New Delhi
      • Supply to the soldiers serving in Siachen Glaciers are routed through Khardung Pass

      4. Khyber Pass :
      • Pass Known as Gateway to India
      •  Located in Pakisthan
      • Connects Pakistan and Afghanistan

        5. Zoji La Pass :
        • Located in Jammu Kashmir
        • Connects Kashmir and Ladakh
        • NH 1 passes through Zoji La Pass
        • Zoji La Pass separates Kashmir Valley and Dras Valley
        • Created by Indus river
        • Zoji La Tunnel Project was approved by the Government of India in January 2018

        6. Shipki La Pass :

        • Located at Himachal Pradesh
        • Connects Himachel Pradesh and Tibet
        • Sutlej river enters India through this pass

          7. Bolan Pass :
          • Known as Gateway of India
          • Located in Pakistan
          • Connects Pakistan and Afganistan

            8. Jalep La Pass :
            • Located in Sikkim
            • Connects Sikkim and Tibet
            • Jalep La was created by Tista River
            • Tista River is known as Life Line of Sikkim

            9. Bhor Ghat Pass :
            • Located in Maharashtra
            • Connects Mumbai and Pune3
            • Located in Western Ghats

            10. Thal Ghat Pass :
            • Located in Maharashtra
            • Connects Mumbai and Nasik
            • Located in Western Ghats





            List of Important Passes in India are given below:





            Sl No Pass State Connecting Places
            1 Asirgarh Pass Madhya Pradesh  Valleys of Narmada and Tapti
            2 Auden's Col Pass Uttarakhand  Valleys of Rudugaira and Bhilangna
            3 Banihal Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir)  Jammu & Kashmir
            4 Bara-lacha-la Pass Himachal Pradesh  Himachal Pradesh & Ladakh
            5 Bomdila Pass Arunachal Pradesh  Arunachal Pradesh & Tibet
            6 Changla Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Leh & Changthang
            7 Chanshal Pass  Himachal Pradesh 
            8 Dehra Compass Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            9 Debsa Pass  Himachal Pradesh 
            10 Diphu Pass  Arunachal Pradesh 
            11 Dongkhala Pass Sikkim  Sikkim & Tibet
            12 Fotu La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Leh & Kargil
            13 Goecha La Pass Sikkim 
            14 Haldighati Pass  Rajasthan 
            15 Indrahar Pass  Himachal Pradesh 
            16 Jelep La Pass Sikkim  Sikkim & Tibet
            17 Jalori Pass  Himachal Pradesh 
            18 Khardung La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Leh & Nubra
            19 Kongka Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Ladakh & Aksai Chin
            20 Lanak Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Ladakh & Tibet
            21 Kunzum Pass  Himachal Pradesh  Lahaul & Spiti
            22 Karakoram Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Ladakh & Xinjiang
            23 Lipulekh Pass  Uttarakhand  Uttarakand and Tibet
            24 Lungalacha La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            25 Lamkhaga Pass  Himachal Pradesh 
            26 Marsimik La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            27 Mana Pass  Uttarakhand 
            28 Namika La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Kargil and Leh
            29 Nama Pass  Uttarakhand 
            30 Nathu La Pass Sikkim  Sikkim & Tibet
            31 Palakkad Pass Kerala  Palakkad & Coimbatore
            32 Thamarassery Pass Kerala  Kozhikode & Mysore
            33 Sengottai Pass (Aryankavu Pass) Kerala  Punalur & Sengottai
            34 Pensi La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            35 Rezang La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            36 Rohtang Pass  Himachal Pradesh  Manali & Lahaul
            37 Sasser Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)  Nubra & Siachen Glacier
            38 Sela Pass  Arunachal Pradesh 
            39 Shipki La Pass Himachal Pradesh  Himachel Pradesh & Tibet
            40 Sia La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier) 
            41 Shingo La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            42 Spangur Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            43 Gyong La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier) 
            44 Bilafond La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier) 
            45 Sin La Pass Uttarakhand 
            46 Tanglang La Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 
            47 Traill's Pass  Uttarakhand 
            48 Zojila Pass  Jammu and Kashmir (Kashmir, Ladakh)  Kashmir & Ladakh

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