Tuesday, June 4, 2019

Circulatory System - Blood

  • Blood is also known as : River of Life
  • Study of blood : Haematology
  • Blood circulation was discovered by : William Harvey
  • pH value of blood : 7.4 (Alkaline)
  • Viscosity of blood : 4.7
  • Normal blood pressure of human body : 120/80 mm Hg (120 mm Hg is Systolic pressure (contraction) and 80 mm Hg is Diastolic pressure (relaxation)
  •  Condition known as silent killer : Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • The instrument used for measuring blood pressure : Sphygmomanometer 
  • Sphygmomanometer was invented by : Julius Harison
  • Tissue in liquid form is : Blood
  • Liquid portion of the blood is : Plasma
  • Level of Plasma in blood is : 55 % 
  • Leve of water in Plasma : 90 %
  • Hormones are transported through : Blood
  • Blood is a _____ tissue : Connective
  • Blood delivers nutrients and oxygen to the cells and removes metabolic waste products from the cells
  • Blood Proteins (Plasma Proteins) are : Albumin, Globulin and Fibrinogen
  • Blood proteins are secreted by : Liver
  • Plasma protein which controls the blood pressure : Albumin
  • Plasma proteins which acts as a antibodies : Globulins
  • Plasma proteins which helps in clotting of blood : Fibrinogen
  • Fluid which found outside the cells are called : Extra Cellular Fluid
  • Plasma without clotting factor : Serum
  • Three types of blood cells : Red Blood Corpuscles (RBC), White Blood Corpuscles (WBC) and Platelets
  • Red Blood Corpuscles are called : Erythrocytes
  • White Blood Corpuscles are called : Leucocytes
  • Platelets are also known as : Thrombocytes
  • RBC are produced in : Bone Marrow
  • Organ konown as Blood Bank : Spleen
  • The red colour of blood is due to the presence of pigment called : Haemoglobin
  • The instrument used for measuring Haemoglobin count is : Haemometer
  • The process of formation of blood cells is called : Hemopoiesis
  • Haemoglobin is also called : Respiratory Pigment
  • Haemoglobin contains : Iron
  • Haemoglobin helps in transportation of : Oxygen
  • Which organ is known as 'Graveyard of RBC : Spleen
  • The disease caused by the deficiency of RBC : Anaemia
  • Abnormal rise in total count of RBC : Polycythemia
  • Blood cells having no nucleus : RBC and Platelet
  • The only mammal having nucleus in RBC : Camel
  • Blood cells which provide immunity to our body : WBC
  • Which blood cells produce antibodies : WBC
  • Life span of WBC : 10- 15 Days
  • Which blood cells have longest life span : RBC
  • Life span of RBC : 120 Days 
  • Which blood cells have shortest life span : Platelets
  • Life span of Platelets : 10 Days
  • Study of blood vessels and lymphatics : Angiology
  • Which blood cells is known as 'warrior of our body' : WBC
  • The blood cells which can move by itself : WBC
  • Disease caused by the overproduction of WBC : Leukaemia
  • The condition when WBC falls below the minimum level : Leukopenia
  • Five types of WBCs : Basophil, Eosinophil,Lymphocyte, Monocyte and Neutrophil
  • Which WBC produces antibodies : Lymphocytes
  • Largest blood cells : WBC (Leukocytes)
  • Largest WBC : Monocytes
  • Smallest WBC : Lumphocytes
  • What is the ratio of RBC and WBC in human body : 5000:1
  • Coloured connective tissue : Blood
  • Colourless connective tissue : Lymph
  • The process of blood clotting in the wound is called : Coagulation
  • The anticoagulant in blood which prevents the coagulation of blood is : Heparin
  • Heparin was produced by : Basophil
  • Clotting of blood in blood vessels is called : Thrombosis
  • Block in artery is removed by : Angioplasty
  • The metal that helps in clotting of blood is : Calcium
  • The Vitamin which helps in clotting of blood: Vitamin K
  • The condition in which the blood is prevented from clotting: Haemophilia
  • Haemophilia is a : Hereditary disease
  • Which disease is known as Christmas Disease : Haemophilia
  • World Haemopjilia Day is observed in : April 17
  • The usual quantity of blood in a normal healthy person : 5-6 litres of blood
  • The quantity of blood that can be donated at a time : 300 ml
  • Minimum age required for blood donation is : 17 years
  • A healthy person can donate blood once in: 3 or 4 months
  • How many times a healthy person can donate blood in a year : 3 to 4 times
  • The donated blood can be used for : 35 to 45 days 
  • World Blood Donation Day is observed in : June 14
  • The temperature at which blood is stored in blood bank : 4o C
  • Blood bank was invented by : Charles Richard Drew
  • The chemical substance (anticoagulant) used in blood bank : Sodium Citrate 
  • Blood vessels which carry blood from heart to different parts of the body : Arteries
  • Blood vessels which carry blood to heart is called : Viens
  • Haemophilia is a : Hereditary disease
  • The first recogonised artificial blood group is : Hemo Pure
  • Poly Heem is a : Artificial Blood


Related Post:

  1. Blood Group



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