Friday, January 24, 2020

Andaman and Nicobar Islands



Became union territory in  1956 November 1
Capital Port Blair
High Court Kolkata
Districts 3
Official Animal Dugong
Official Bird Andaman Wood Pegion
Rajya Sabha Seat 0
Lok Sabha Seat 1






Importance


  • The largest union territory of India 
  • Union territory that has least population density
  • The union territory that has the largest area of forest
  • The union territory that has the highest number of national parks
  • The union territory that has the highest number of wildlife sanctuary
  • The southernmost point of India is Indira Point situates at Andaman Nicobar islands




Port Blair



  • The capital of Andaman Nicobar islands 
  • Situated at south Andaman
  • Veer Savarkar Airport is at Port Blair
  • Central Island Research Institute is located at Port Blair





Kaalapani

  • Cellular Jail is at Port Blair
  • The jail was built by the British in 1906
  •  Swatantra Jyothi was lighted in Kaala Paani
  • Cellular Jail was declared as a national memorial by then Prime Minister Moraji Desai on 1979 February 11
  • The viceroy who was killed on his visit to cellular jail : Lord Mayo
  • Lord Mayo was killed by : Sher Ali





  • How many islands are there in Andaman Islands : 572
  • How many inhabitable islands in Andaman Nicobar islands : 37
  • The old name of Andaman Nicobar Islands : Emarald Islands
  • The island which is known as Bay Islands : Andaman Nicobar Islands
  •  The capital of Andaman Nicobar islands during British rule : Rose Islands
  • The British captured Andaman Nicobar islands in : 1942
  • The islands called by Subash Chandra Bose as "Shaheed" and "Swaraj" : Andaman Nicobar Islands
  • Father of modern Nicbar Island : Bishop John Richardson
  • The largest island in Andaman : Middle Andaman
  • The smallest island in Andaman : Karleu Island
  • The largest island in Nicobar : Great Nicobar
  • The smallest island in Nicobar : Pillomillow
  • The channel which separates Andaman and Nicobar : 10 degree channel
  • Little Andaman and South Andaman islands are separated by  : Duncan Passage
  • The country that lies nearest to Andaman : Myanmar
  • The country that lies nearest to Nicobar : Indonesia
  • Highest mountain peak in Andaman : Saddle (North Andaman)
  • The only active volcano in India located at Anaman : Barren Volcano
  • The  inactive volcano in Andaman : Narconadam
  • The old names of Indira Point : Pygmalion Point, Parsons Point
  • Indira Point got its name in : 1986
  • The most populous island in Andaman : South Andaman
  • Government of India enacted the law for the protection of tribal people in Andaman in : 1956
  • The important tribes in Andaman : Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese
  • Asia's largest and oldest saw mill is in : Chatham Island
  • The disaster relief operation by Indian Armed Force in connection with the tsunami in Andaman : Operation Sea Waves